There are only a few ideas that had as much of an impact on education as those of John Dewey. The American philosopher, psychologist and educator believed children to be active contributors and agents of their learning, and not just passive recipients of knowledge of previous generations. He believed that for knowledge to be acquired successfully, learning should be an experience. His Experiential Learning approach was based on four core principles. To find out what these are and how it works in real life, read on!
There are only a few ideas that had as much of an impact on education as those of John Dewey. To understand his ideas, let’s imagine Dewey reappears in the modern world with the mission to implement his theories in a conservative school.
Dewey championed learning by doing, also known as experiential learning. He observed that children learn better when they are actively engaged, because they are absorbed in the present and not a distant future, such as final exams.
In agriculture and life sciences learners don’t necessarily read books, but instead grow plants, harvest fruits and then feed them to snails to see what happens.
Sometimes things work out, sometimes accidents happen — whatever the outcome, the learners take notes of their observations and form rich memorable experiences. At the end of each class they summarize their learning and turn to discussions.
The discussions prepare the students for life in a democratic society where decisions ought to be based on reasonable arguments.
Through the debates the children learn to formulate their own ideas, convince others, and learn to see the world from a different point of view.
In one discussion some started to argue that school uniforms limit self-expression, and that they should be abolished.
Dewey, who believed that schools should prepare children for life itself and serve society as a force for innovation and reform encouraged those learners to start a petition to find out for themselves if real social change is possible.
Classes are interactive because Dewey believes that interaction with the environment is essential for the learning process since education is an experience that is subject to constant change.
Passive recipients of knowledge on the other hand, learn very little if anything at all.
The group who started the petition present their ideas to the teacher — and start a dialogue that expands their understanding and underlines their learning.
Learning is interdisciplinary. Dewey believed that continuity is critical to comprehension and that an interdisciplinary education allows learners to build on what they already know – which strengthens their understanding.
What they observed in biology is being calculated in maths, written about in English and put into images through the arts.
This provides the learner the opportunity to learn how things are connected.
To the brain this process is more effective because it can link new knowledge with previous experiences, and build stronger mental models.
Dewey believed that when societies calculate the price of education, they shouldn’t only look at the cost of school buildings, teachers’ salaries and other resources. They should also consider the costs of all the hours input by the children. Because the children are the future of our society and human progress, their time in class ought not to be wasted. It is thus the school’s responsibility to be a playground to practice a future we wish to see, so when the kids grow up, they can go and create it.
About education, Dewey famously said, “it’s not a preparation for life, education is life itself.”
The group that sought dress-code reform gained a deeper knowledge about the topic and were able to develop good arguments.
They printed their demands on banners and tracts and discussed their ideas with everyone until the day the majority of learners and teachers had signed their petition. Eventually the petition was presented to the principal and a new school rule was passed.
Dewey’s ideas were not always popular during his time and while we made some progress in education over the last hundred years, is the situation really any better today? What do you think? Did you experience learning by doing in your school? And does your school encourage you and your friends to engage in social reform and create the future we wish to see? Please share your thoughts in the comments below!
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John Dewey (1859—1952)
Explanation of Dewey And Dewey’s Philosophy Of Education
Dewey’s philosophy on Experience and Education https://eiclsresearch.wordpress.com/types-of-styles/teaching-styles/john-dewey/deweys-phil osophy-on-experience-and-education/
John Dewey on Education: Impact & Theory
John Dewey’s Approach to Education
Reformation of the Education System
John Dewey’s View on Education
John Dewey on Interaction